Active fire protection requires action to be taken to detect and alert, stop or contain a fire. This may involve a person taking a manual action, such as using a portable fire extinguisher. On the other hand, this may be a smoke detector that triggers an alarm or automatic sprinkler. Automated or digital systems are also considered active forms of fire protection.
Products that come under active ﬁre protection
Fire alarm systems – well-maintained alarm systems are designed to detect fires early and allow occupants time to evacuate.
Emergency escape lighting – for use in the event of power failure, this should be trigged automatically.
Fire suppression and sprinkler systems – devices containing either CO2, inert gases, foam or water mist.
Smoke ventilation, including automatic vents – allows smoke to escape from a building whilst keeping corridors and stairwells smoke-free.
Disabled refuge areas – essential for assisting disabled people or people with impaired mobility to evacuate in the event of an emergency.
Fire hydrant testing and maintenance – used by Local Fire and Rescue Services to access water from the underground mains supply.
Emergency voice communication systems (EVCS) – a bidirectional, secure duplex voice communication system to assist the fire service in high-rise or large buildings.
Dry and wet risers – valves and pipework to enable the fire service to pump water on to specific floors of multi-story buildings.
Public address voice alarms – often known as a ‘Tannoy’ or PA system, used to provide pre-recorded messages during an evacuation or in the event of an emergency.
Fire hose reels – used by trained individuals or the fire service to contain fires, they require a specific flow rate and water pressure.
Portable fire extinguishers – there are various types of fire extinguishers for use on different types of fires. Training is required in order to learn how to use fire extinguishers properly.