Explained: Why does this Apollo11 photo act so weirdly?

Samuel McHugh

New Member
I have seen a lot of conspiracy theorists claim that space exploration is fake, by turning up settings on images in manipulation programs to find squares around things, saying it proves the image is fake. I always dismissed this because I could never reproduce any of this. Well I tried it again on this Apollo 11 photo:


So I turned up the colour levels and to my surprise I got this:

upload_2017-7-7_11-15-17.png

There is so much evidence people DID go to the Moon and I personal have no doubt that it was real, but what is going on in this image??
Now maybe I'm being stupid and using and looking at an artist's rendition, which would explain it, but I don't know the origin of the photo so thought i'd ask
 

Trailblazer

Moderator
Staff member
The simple answer is that this is a fake photo, but not one done by NASA or ever claimed to be real. The image of the Earth has been added, and the landscape extended to the left.

Note how the shadow of the LM abruptly stops at what was originally the left edge of the photo, and there are obvious cloned areas.

upload_2017-7-7_11-55-34.png


This is the original image, AS11-40-5868:



It can be seen on the Project Apollo Archive Flickr page here: https://flic.kr/p/y41AZ9

It's worth noting that the Earth is in totally the wrong place: it's much too low to the horizon, and also much too large. The actual Earth on these Hasselblad photos appeared like this:



(AS11-40-5923, from https://flic.kr/p/z1QJ8D)
 
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Trailblazer

Moderator
Staff member
This is the highest resolution version of the faked image I can find using Tineye:



You can clearly see the pasted-on area with the Earth is a different colour.

I recognise the Earth image, too. It's not even from the correct mission! It comes from one the famous Apollo 8 "Earthrise" pictures, probably AS08-14-2383 (https://flic.kr/p/z5KK9F)



Note the cloud patterns and landmasses are identical, although the contrast and brightness have been boosted (the pasted image is rotated about 75 degrees clockwise)

pasted.jpg
 
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Samuel McHugh

New Member
Thanks for the reply and for pointing out the landscape, Apollo 8 Earth etc. Yes it makes sense now and when you look more closely you can clearly see the problems you pointed out. Just goes to show how little research the theorists carry out before using this kind of stuff as proof of something!
 

Mick West

Administrator
Staff member
Unfortunately this is very common - which is why the first step in investigating any "NASA" photo should be to locate the original. Generally a simple image search will give you something. You can also limit it to more "official" photos by adding "site:.gov" to the search.

If you suspect something was added, then you can crop it out, and search with a section of the image, like:
20170707-072245-jdubf.jpg

Doing the site:.gov search on this gives us:
20170707-072428-9f9ei.jpg
You can then generally recognized original/official images as they have an alphanumeric code.
 

Mick West

Administrator
Staff member
This is the original image, AS11-40-5868:



It can be seen on the Project Apollo Archive Flickr page here: https://flic.kr/p/y41AZ9
And that's actually even more "original" than the one on the NASA page. The actual original image is the physical film positive - the actual bit of film that went to the moon, was exposed to light, and then returned to Earth:

(notice the identification number handwritten on the left side)


These are two different scans of the same positive done years apart with different equipment. Compare the two:
as11_40_5868-A.jpg as11_40_5868-B.jpg


The newer scan is closer to the actual image on the original film positive, so I'd consider it more original than the older scan.
 
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Mick West

Administrator
Staff member
I've updated the photo comparison above, I'd accidentally dropped off the stripes on the left and right. The Flickr image is a more full scan of the original positive, and so includes those stripes. The older NASA image had them cropped.
 

Rick Aucoin

New Member
Samuel McHugh, where did you get this picture? The photoshopped one in the first post, that is.

If I were going to the trouble of examining an Apolo photo for shenanigans, the source of the photo would be the first thing I'd examine, even before checking for obvious manipulation of the image.

Mick West, excellent replies and thank you for the clue to use site:gov limits on image search. That's one I didn't know.


Also, excellent illustration with the side by side adjustable slide images! I've never seen that widget, very useful in this context!

(New user, I hope posting comments like this are appropriate and okay? If not, do please delete!)
 
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derwoodii

Senior Member
I dropped the pictures into fotoForensisc and got this

2 original sourced and claimed original
2bcb1712c8e21c43ca3c10673c01c5ee.jpg
354bd33e03fa38001de44a68c225b032e1301cd7.18274 (1).png

vs tested for ELA

60d801dde581e2aacaaaf45da53b261a9a31e100.330422.png

354bd33e03fa38001de44a68c225b032e1301cd7.18274.png

I'm yet to fully grasp the how to and understand the testing of pictures for photoshopping but i found fakers tend to resave shrink or use low quality smaller image as they become harder to test for manipulation & ELA appears more black

http://fotoforensics.com/

&

http://fotoforensics.com/tutorial-ela.php

 
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Mick West

Administrator
Staff member
I dropped the pictures into fotoForensisc and got this

2 original sourced and claimed original
You want to use the larger image that @Trailblazer found:


Also Foresically is more flexible than FotoForensics
https://29a.ch/photo-forensics/

Really though, the levels variance along diagonal lines in the OP indicates it's a fake. You don't need much more than that. And of course once you have the original it becomes a moot point.
 

Trailblazer

Moderator
Staff member
The black crosshairs (or "fiducial markers") visible in Apollo photos are also an indication that the photo is a composite. You can see that the central, larger crosshair is located over the astronaut's backpack, but that isn't the centre of the image.

The crosshairs had a 5 x 5 pattern on the square Hasselblad frames, as seen in this example:



but the composite image has "extra" crosshairs which don't align with the grid. I've marked the original ones in blue (only the ones against a pale background are visible in this small image), and the cloned ones in red, showing where they appear to have been cloned from in a couple of cases.

upload_2017-7-13_14-49-6.png


The crosshairs are also a handy way of spotting whether a particular image has been cropped. If all the crosshairs are present in their correct places then you know it is a full frame and so you can tell whether, the Earth, for instance, appears the correct size for a given focal length.
 
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Mick West

Administrator
Staff member
For some odd reason this thread has been reported on by British Tabloids

https://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/la...ding-faked-staged-conspiracy-theory-1969-nasa

Nonsense really. The photo is a poor fake, that's all. No reason for the fake was suggested (or even needed). The Star story seems to just rip-of this earlier story from The Express which quotes the thread extensively.
http://www.express.co.uk/news/weird...rth-added-NASA-picture-Apollo-11-Metabunk-org
 

Whitebeard

Senior Member
The Star story seems to just rip-of this earlier story from The Express which quotes the thread extensively.
Both the Daily Express and The Star are owned by Northern and Shell, both titles are published from the same building in Lower Thames Street in London and The Star often prints 'dumbed down and egged up' versions of stories from The Express.
 

Trailblazer

Moderator
Staff member
the original NASA photograph of the astronaut was produced, and there is no moon in the background.
Well, yes there is quite a bit of moon in the background, but no Earth!

I'll go elsewhere with my rant about newspapers getting rid of copy editors...
 
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