# ATFLIR FOV: NAR=0.7°, MFOV=3.0°, WFOV=6.0°

#### Mick West

Staff member

What's the ATFLIR's Field of View in NAR mode? What about 1x and 2x NAR? This has been addressed elsewhere, but I wanted to make things easier to find, and to add a new observation about FLIR1

The above, from official Navy documents, makes it pretty clear. The ATFLIR has three FOV settings, all of which are square (so the same FOV horizontally and vertically). They are:
• NAR = Narrow = 0.7°
• MFOV = Medium = 3°
• WFOV = Wide = 6°

In addition, there 1X and 2X zoom for NAR and MFOV. But not for WFOV

1X is kind of meaningless; it's just that FOV. 2X is zooming in, so it's essentially halving the FOV. So we have five effective FOVs:
• 2X NAR = 0.35°
• 1X NAR = 0.7°
• 2X MFOV = 1.5°
• 1X MFOV = 3°
• 1X WFOV = 6°
You can see here this gives us five effective FOV values where each one is about twice the previous one. You can also see why there's no 2X WFOV.

The only times we see MFOV and WFOV are in the FLIR1 video: Here's 2x MFOV (1.5°)

Compare with 2x NAR (0.35°)

Going from 1.5° to 0.35° means the image should be 4.2 times as big, which we can verify by copying the MFOV image multiple times under the NAR image:

About 4.2, as close as we are going to get with this poor-quality video.

Hang on! That looks like it says, "WFOF"! That's actually just a quirk of the font. The M and the W are very distinctive when not that blurry. Have a look at them in Gimbal or GoFast, which is twice the resolution and has better compression.

M has a distinctive gap in the middle of the top half. The w ends up more like a rectangle. See that in FLIR1.

The M is actually distinguishable from the W.

In addition, something I only recently noticed (I think, these things sometimes recycle) is the toggle order and what happens in FLIR1.

The docs say it goes NAR->MFOV->WFOV (and them presumably ->NAR).

In FLIR1, the first 1m12s (most of it) is in NAR, with some 1x/2X changes. But then, at 1:12 there's a switch to MFOV. Here again:

Notice it initially looks like WFOV 2X, but knowing the actual font we can now see it's MFOV 2X (1.5°).

But THEN, there's a change that I used to think was to MFOV 1X (3°), but now I see it's actually to WFOV 1X (6°)

It has to go to 1X, as there's no 2X in WFOV. This is also a 4X change in scale from what was already a small white dot. And now, for several frames, the object is too small to be visible, at least in this mode.

WFOV is only there for 10 frames (1/3 of a second) until Chad toggles through to NAR 1x, at which point we've lost lock, the tracking has stopped, and the object is continuing left.

The lock is never regained. Half a second later it the system changes to NAR 2X, which just makes things worse.

None of this really changes anything, but I think it brings some clarity to what is going on with the various zoom modes.

For viewing the videos, I recommend using the Sitrec video viewer in Chrome or Edge:

https://www.metabunk.org/sitrec/?sitch=video

It defaults to Gimbal, but you can change the "Preset Video" to FLIR1. Then use the arrow keys or right nouse to scrub and < and > to single step. Zoom in with the mouse wheel. By default, it uses original pixels. You can toggle this with "Smooth," and there are some adjustments under "Tweaks"

Last edited:
Going from 1.5° to 0.35° means the image should be 4.2 times as big, which we can verify by copying the MFOV image multiple times under the NAR image:

About 4.2, as close as we are going to get with this poor quality video.

Could "0.7" simply be a single digit precision shorthand for an actual value of 0.75? (OK. Truncation is a less common choice than rounding to nearest or even, but not unheard of, both directions are equal in error.) There's no physical mechanical reason why every zoom step would be exactly 1:2 relative to its neigbours, but there is a certain neatness to it, and it lets the pilot know that whenever something shrinks to a certain size it will expand to a predictable size once he zooms in one step more (and vice versa of course), no matter where he is on the scale, so it seems as if it would be a desirable UI feature. Source material not in the LIZ would help here, I don't think my speculation can be ruled out given the fuzziness of the above.

The simulator manual indicates there is also an optional reticle to indicate visually the FOV

### 2.2 Field of View Reticles​

The A/A FLIR format has 3 Field of View (FOV) reticles which change based on the current FOV. The FOV reticle can be hidden or shown by pressing the RTCL option at [PB9]. The WIDE and MED FOV reticles consist of long vertical and horizontal bars with smaller bars positioned perpendicular to them the end-points. In WIDE, the end-point bars are longer than in MED. The end-point bars represent the FOV which the next lower (full) FOV would occupy if selected. In the NAR FOV, the reticle is shaped like a cross and has no end-point bars.

Looks like it was turned off in the Navy vids. It does seem a bit confusing...

Also calling the modes 'FOV' when it can be optionally zoomed, changing the FOV is confusing as well, practically though I imagine pilots just 'press button to zoom' and don't really care so much about the details.

The simulator manual indicates there is also an optional reticle to indicate visually the FOV

### 2.2 Field of View Reticles​

The A/A FLIR format has 3 Field of View (FOV) reticles which change based on the current FOV. The FOV reticle can be hidden or shown by pressing the RTCL option at [PB9]. The WIDE and MED FOV reticles consist of long vertical and horizontal bars with smaller bars positioned perpendicular to them the end-points. In WIDE, the end-point bars are longer than in MED. The end-point bars represent the FOV which the next lower (full) FOV would occupy if selected. In the NAR FOV, the reticle is shaped like a cross and has no end-point bars.

Looks like it was turned off in the Navy vids. It does seem a bit confusing...

Also calling the modes 'FOV' when it can be optionally zoomed, changing the FOV is confusing as well, practically though I imagine pilots just 'press button to zoom' and don't really care so much about the details.
Wasn't turned off, it's just that the target is in an auto TRACK so the other reticles are replaced.

Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
12
Views
3K
Replies
0
Views
784