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  1. Mick West

    Mick West Administrator Staff Member

    References.
    This updated list will be maintained as a resource for paper book readers, and to provide alternate links when pages move or are deleted. Even though the book has not yet hit the shelves, there are some links that have already changed. I may added additional links if better references or resources become available.


    Prologue

    1. “Rancho Runnamukka.” Web.archive.org, https://web.archive.org/web/19990218081137/http://www.accessone.com:80/~rivero/ Accessed 6 Aug. 2017.

    2. West, Mick. “Debunked: Chemtrail Plane Interior (Ballast Barrels).” Metabunk, 20 Jul. 2012, https://www.metabunk.org/debunked-Chemtrail-plane-interior-ballast -barrels.t661 Accessed 6 Aug. 2017.



    Introduction

    1. Kinetz, Erika; & International Herald Tribune. “At Archer Daniels, a bitter taste lin.gers.” Nytimes.com, 23 Mar. 2002, https://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/23/your-money/at-archer-daniels-a-bitter-taste-lingers.html Accessed 18 Mar. 2018.

    2. NY Daily News. “Menendez sold his office by accepting bribes: federal prosecutor.” NY Daily News, 7 Sept. 2017, http://www.nydailynews.com/news/pol...g-bribes-federal-prosecutor-article-1.3476857 Accessed 21 Sept. 2017.

    3. Justice Policy Institute. “Gaming The System: How The Political Strategies Of Pri.vate Prison Companies Promote Ineffective Incarceration Policies.” Justicepolicy.org, 21 Jun. 2011, http://www.justicepolicy.org/uploads/justicepolicy/documents/gaming_the_system.pdf Accessed 10 Sept. 2017.

    4. “rabbit hole—Wiktionary.” En.wiktionary.org, 13 Feb. 2018, https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/rabbit_hole Accessed 17 Feb. 2018.

    5. Carroll, Lewis. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland,” 1865, Chapter 1 “Down the Rabbit Hole.”

    6. Farley, Tim. “What’s The Harm?” 22 Nov. 2011, http://whatstheharm.net Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    7. “Chemtrail Detox—How To Protect—Heavy Metal Detox.” Chemdefense.com, https://www.chemdefense.com/Chemtrails-how-to-protect-and-detox Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    8. James, Brendan. “9/11 Conspiracy Theories: Inside The Lonely Lives Of Truthers, Still Looking For Their Big Break.” International Business Times, 11 Sept. 2015, http://www.ibtimes.com/911-conspira...ruthers-still-looking-their-big-break-2091474. Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    9. Haystack. “An Anatomy of Paranoia—disinformation.” disinformation, 28 Aug. 2014, http://disinfo.com/2014/08/anatomy-paranoia Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    10. Douglas, K. M., & Leite, A. C. (2017). Suspicion in the workplace: Organizational conspiracy theories and work-related outcomes. British Journal of Psychology, 108(3), 486–506.

    11. Berdik, Chris. “How geoengineering and Harvard’s David Keith became a hot topic.” BostonGlobe.com, 19 Oct. 2013, https://www.bostonglobe.com/magazin...e-hot-topic/JBkPRydP1Tnd86oclwJT8K/story.html Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    12. “bubba clinton gets angry at ‘9/11 heckler.’ ” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-yTh6k7p2k
    . Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    13. “ ‘False Flag’ Hoaxers Claim Mass Shootings Are Staged.” VICE Selects, https://www.facebook.com/VICEselects/videos/845144652340193 Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    14. Robb, Amanda. “Pizzagate: Anatomy of a Fake News Scandal.” Rolling Stone, https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/pizzagate-anatomy-of-a-fake-news-scandal-w511904 Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    15. Ronson, Jon. “Timothy McVeigh—Conspirators.” the Guardian, 5 May 2001, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2001/may/05/mcveigh.usa Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    16. Salon. “Tamerlan Tsarnaev: Conspiracy theorist.” Salon, 25 Apr. 2013, https://www.salon.com/2013/04/25/tamerlan_tsarnaev_conspiracy_theorist Accessed 5 Apr. 2018.

    17. Oxford Dictionaries. “Definition of debunk.” https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/debunk. Accessed 7 Apr. 2018.



    Chapter 1: The "Conspiracy Theory" Conspiracy Theory

    1. DeHaven-Smith, Lance. Conspiracy Theory in America (Kindle Locations 1885– 1887). 2013, University of Texas Press. Kindle Edition.

    2. Google Books. “The Journal of Mental Science.” Google Books, Page 141, https://books.google.com/books/about/The_Journal_of_Mental_Science.html?id=VsRMAAAAYAAJ Accessed 5 Sept. 2017.

    3. West, Mick. “Debunked: The CIA invented the term ‘Conspiracy Theory’ in 1967 [in use for 70 years prior].” Metabunk, 29 Nov. 2012, https://www.metabunk.org/debunked-t...theory-in-1967-in-use-for-70-years-prior.t960 Accessed 5 Sept. 2017.

    4. Graham, Howard Jay. “The ‘Conspiracy Theory’ of the Fourteenth Amendment.” Jstor.org, http://www.jstor.org/stable/791947 Accessed 7 Apr. 2018.

    5. Baum, William Chandler. “The conspiracy theory of politics of the radical right in the United States” (University of Iowa, PhD Thesis, 1960).

    6. Wilcox, Walter. “The Press of the Radical Right: An Exploratory Analysis, Journal.ism & Mass Communication Quarterly—Walter Wilcox, 1962.” Journals.sagepub .com, http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/107769906203900202. Accessed 5 Sept. 2017.

    7. Hofstadter, Richard. “The Paranoid Style in American Politics.” Harper’s magazine, https://harpers.org/archive/1964/11/the-paranoid-style-in-american-politics Accessed 7 Oct. 2017.

    8. Dalzell, Tom; & Victor, Terry, eds. The Concise New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. 2007, Routledge. p. 672.



    Chapter 2: Conspiracy Spectrums

    1. Musgrave, Paul. “Perspective | Democracy requires trust. But Trump is making us all into conspiracy theorists.” Washington Post, 7 Mar. 2017, https://www.washingtonpost.com/post...mp-is-making-us-all-into-conspiracy-theorists Accessed 6 Aug. 2017.

    2. Doc, Ken. “MICK WEST.” INVESTIGATE 9/11, 12 Sept. 2016, https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/911-shills/mick-west Accessed 30 Nov. 2017.

    3. Doc, Ken. “INVESTIGATE 9/11.” https://kendoc911.wordpress.com Accessed 30 Nov. 2017.

    4. Barkun, Michael. A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. 2003, University of California Press.

    5. Levin, Nicholas. “WHAT IS YOUR HOP LEVEL? Ten 9/11 Paradigms [summeroftruth.org].” Web.archive.org, 1 Apr. 2004. https://web.archive.org/web/20041030111442/http://summeroftruth.org/lihopmihopnohop.html Accessed 7 Aug. 2017.



    Chapter 3: The Shill Card

    1. Reddit User, “DebateFlatEarth.” 2017, https://goo.gl/WwdLXC

    2. Fleming, Michael David. “Mick West: Busted Internet Troll at Metabunk.” https://www.michaeldavidfleming.com/mick-west-busted-internet-troll-at-metabunk Accessed 2 Jan. 2018.

    3. Doc, Ken. “MICK WEST.” Ken Doc—INVESTIGATE 9/11, 12 Sept. 2016, https://kendoc911.wordpress.com/911-shills/mick-west Accessed 2 Jan. 2018.

    4. West, Mick. “The IT2010 Competition.” Mickwest.com, 11 Jan. 2007, http://mickwest.com/2007/01/11/the-it2010-competition Accessed 21 Nov. 2017.

    5. American Red Cross. “Blood Donor Eligibility: Blood Pressure, Pregnancy, Disease & More.” http://www.redcrossblood.org/donati...nts/eligibility-criteria-alphabetical-listing. Accessed 8 Nov. 2017.



    Chapter 4: The Rabbit Hole: How and Why

    1. Shuck, John. “The Science Behind the Collapse of the Three World Trade Center Towers on 9/11.” Beta.prx.org, 9 Jun. 2017, https://beta.prx.org/stories/214113 Accessed 4 Sept. 2017.

    2. Beard, Martin M. “What Happened?—My Story.” Metabunk, 30 Mar. 2016, https://www.metabunk.org/martin-m-beard-what-happened-my-story.t7452 Accessed 7 Nov. 2017.

    3. WeAreChange Los Angeles. “9-11 Truth March 10-11-08 Santa Monica Part 3 FIREFIGHTERS—YouTube.” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9lq6P9RrOg
    Accessed 12 Nov. 2017.

    4. Ventura, Jess. “Abby Martin Uncovers 9/11 | Jesse Ventura Off The Grid.” Youtube .com, 12 Sept 2014,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6yi7XMrlEiU
    Accessed 12 Nov. 2017.

    5. Ventura, Jesse. “Counter-Conspiracy: World Trade Center 7 | Jesse Ventura Off The Grid.” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3IvRPGVFmk
    Accessed 12 Nov. 2017.

    6. Lawson, Anthony. “WTC7—This is an Orange—YouTube.” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zv7BImVvEyk
    Accessed 12 Nov. 2017.

    7. Benson, Buster. “Cognitive bias cheat sheet—Better Humans.” Better Humans, 1 Sept. 2016, https://betterhumans.coach.me/cognitive-bias-cheat-sheet-55a472476b18 Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.

    8. Dolan, Eric W. “Studies find the need to feel unique is linked to belief in conspiracy theories.” PsyPost, 8 Aug. 2017, http://www.psypost.org/2017/08/studies-find-need-feel-unique-linked-belief-conspiracy-theories-49444. Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.

    9. Sloat, Sarah. “Conspiracy Theorists Have a Fundamental Cognitive Problem, Say Scientists.” Inverse, 17 Oct. 2017, https://www.inverse.com/article/37463-conspiracy-beliefs-illusory-pattern-perception Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.

    10. Dolan, Eric W. “Losers are more likely to believe in conspiracy theories, study finds.” PsyPost, 17 Sept. 2017, http://www.psypost.org/2017/09/losers-likely-believe-conspiracy-theories-study-finds-49694. Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.

    11.
    Bolton, Doug. “Conspiracy theorists are more likely to be suffering from stress, study finds.” The Independent, 11 May 2016, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/s...-psychology-study-anglia-ruskin-a7023966.html Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.

    12. Levesque, Danielle. “Narcissism and low self-esteem predict conspiracy beliefs.” Psy-Post, 25 Feb. 2016, http://www.psypost.org/2016/02/narcissism-and-low-self-esteem-predict-conspiracy-beliefs-41253 Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.

    13. Zareva, Teodora. “Conspiracy Theories: Why the More Educated Don’t Believe Them.” Big Think, 12 Apr. 2017, http://bigthink.com/design-for-good...-conspiracy-theories-depends-on-these-factors Accessed 29 Dec. 2017.

    14. Dolan, Eric W. “Study: The personal need to eliminate uncertainty predicts belief in conspiracy theories.” PsyPost, 28 Jun. 2017, http://www.psypost.org/2017/06/stud...nty-predicts-belief-conspiracy-theories-49211 Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.

    15. Rivas, Anthony. “Bipartisan Anti-Vaxxers And The Weird Science Behind Conspira.cies.” Medical Daily, 20 Jan. 2015, http://www.medicaldaily.com/conspir...ople-far-left-right-political-spectrum-318502 Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.

    16. To get this percentage you square the r value and multiply by 100.

    17. IFLScience. “People Who Believe Conspiracy Theories Just Want To Be Unique, Say Psychologists.” 18 Aug. 2017, http://www.iflscience.com/brain/peo...ries-just-want-to-be-unique-say-psychologists Accessed 25 Aug. 2017.

    18. Dolan, Eric W. “Studies find the need to feel unique is linked to belief in conspiracy theories.” PsyPost, 8 Aug. 2017, http://www.psypost.org/2017/08/studies-find-need-feel-unique-linked-belief-conspiracy-theories-49444 Accessed 25 Aug. 2017.

    19. Edelson, Jack; Alduncin, Alexander; Sieja, James; & Uscinski, Joseph. “The Effect of Conspiratorial Thinking and Motivated Reasoning on Belief in Election Fraud.” Political Research Quarterly 2017. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1065912917721061. Accessed 21 Sept. 2017.

    20. Uscinski, Joseph; Parent, Joseph; & Torres, Bethany.. “Conspiracy Theories are for Los.ers.” Papers.ssrn.com, 1 Aug. 2011, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1901755 Accessed 22 Sept. 2017.

    21. De Keersmaecker, Jonas; & Roets, Arne. “ ‘Fake news’: Incorrect, but hard to correct. The role of cognitive ability on the impact of false information on social impres.sions.” Sciencedirect.com, 7 Nov. 2017, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160289617301617 Accessed 17 Feb. 2018.

    22. Cichocka, Aleksandra; Marchlewska, Marta; & Golec de Zavala, Agnieszka. “Does Self-Love or Self-Hate Predict Conspiracy Beliefs? Narcissism, Self-Esteem, and the Endorsement of Conspiracy Theories.” 2016, Journals.sagepub.com, http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1948550615616170 Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    23. Sunstein, Cass; & Vermeule, Adrian. “Conspiracy Theories.” John M. Olin Program in Law and Economics Working Paper No. 387, 2008, http://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1118&context=law_and_economics

    24. “Conspiracy Road Trip: UFOs.” BBC, Oct 15, 2012,
    Source: https://youtu.be/7ByWCFX4ZQs?t=53m37s
    Accessed 31 Aug. 2017.



    Chapter 5: Core Debunking Techniques

    1. Cairns, Rose. “Climates of suspicion: ‘Chemtrail’ conspiracy narratives and the international politics of geoengineering.” Onlinelibrary.wiley.com, 25 Nov. 2014, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/geoj.12116/full Accessed 7 Jan. 2018.

    2. Sagan, Carl. Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (Kindle Loca.tions 7218-7220). Random House Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

    3. Dunne, Carey. “My month with Chemtrails conspiracy theorists.” the Guardian, 22 May 2017, http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/may/22/california-conspiracy-theorist-farmers-Chemtrails. Accessed 10 Aug. 2017.

    4. Nyhan, Brendan; & Reifler, Jason. “When Corrections Fail: The Persistence of Politi.cal Misperceptions.” SpringerLink, 1 Jun. 2010, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11109-010-9112-2. Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    5. Cook, John; & Lewandowsky, Stephan. The Debunking Handbook. Skepticalscience. com, 22 Jan. 2012, https://www.skepticalscience.com/docs/Debunking_Handbook.pdf. Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    6. Wood, Thomas; & Porter, Ethan. “The Elusive Backfire Effect: Mass Attitudes’ Steadfast Factual Adherence.” Papers.ssrn.com, 31 Dec. 2017, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2819073. Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    7. Chan, Man-pui Sally, et al. “Debunking: A Meta-Analysis of the Psychological Effi.cacy of Messages Countering Misinformation.—PubMed—NCBI.” Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28895452. Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    8. West, Mick. “Debunked: The ‘short-lived’ fires of WTC 1 & 2.” Metabunk, 12 Jun. 2013, https://www.metabunk.org/debunked-the-short-lived-fires-of-wtc-1-2.t1771 Accessed 17 Feb. 2018.

    9. The Associated Press. “Landfill burned for weeks; property owner facing charges.” Sun-Sentinel.com, 5 Dec. 2017, http://www.sun-sentinel.com/local/miami-dade/fl-reg-dade-illegal-landfill-20171205-story.html. Accessed 17 Feb. 2018.

    10. Foran, Chris. “ ‘Like looking down on hell’: When a Milwaukee dump caught fire and burned for months.” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 14 Nov. 2017, https://www.jsonline.com/story/life...-dump-caught-fire-and-burned-months/856767001 Accessed 17 Feb. 2018.

    11. Tribune Wire. “Underground fire outside St. Louis has burned since 2010, nears nuclear waste dump.” chicagotribune.com, 10 Oct. 2015, http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/...st-louis-underground-fire-20151010-story.html. Accessed 17 Feb. 2018.


    Chapter 6: Steve — A Journey Through the Rabbit Hole


    1. Wikipedia: “McVeigh felt the need to personally reconnoiter sites of rumored con.spiracies. He visited Area 51 in order to defy government restrictions on photography and went to Gulfport, Mississippi to determine the veracity of rumors about United Nations operations.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_McVeigh.

    Chapter 7: Chemtrails

    1. West, Mick. “A brief history of ‘Chemtrails’—Contrail Science.” Contrail Science, 11 May 2007, http://contrailscience.com/a-brief-history-of-Chemtrails Accessed 30 Oct. 2017.

    2. Izrael, Yuri, et al. “Field experiment on studying solar radiation passing through aerosol layer.” SpringerLink, 1 May 2009, https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S106837390905001X. Accessed 30 Oct. 2017.

    3. Russell, Lynn M., et al., “Eastern Pacific Emitted Aerosol Cloud Experiment (E-PEACE).” Research Profiles, http://scrippsscholars.ucsd.edu/gcr...ific-emitted-aerosol-cloud-experiment-e-peace. Accessed 30 Oct. 2017.

    4. Keith, David W.; Duren, Riley; & MacMartin, Douglas G. “Field experiments on solar geoengineering: report of a workshop exploring a representative research portfolio.” PubMed Central (PMC), https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4240958 Accessed 30 Oct. 2017.

    5. Dykema, John A. “Stratospheric controlled perturbation experiment: a small-scale experiment to improve understanding of the risks of solar geoengineering.” Philo.sophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 28 Dec. 2014, http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/372/2031/20140059. Accessed 30 Oct. 2017.

    6. Temple, James. “Harvard scientists are gearing up for some of the first outdoor geo-engineering experiments.” MIT Technology Review, 29 Mar. 2017, https://www.technologyreview.com/s/603974/harvard-scientists-moving-ahead-on-plans-for -atmospheric-geoengineering-experiments Accessed 30 Oct. 2017.

    7. MacMartin, Douglas G. “Geoengineering with stratospheric aerosols: What do we not know after a decade of research?” Onlinelibrary.wiley.com, 18 Nov. 2016, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016EF000418/full. Accessed 15 Feb. 2018.

    8. West, Mick. “Calculator for RHi and Contrail Persistence Criteria.” Metabunk, 12 Jan. 2016, https://www.metabunk.org/calculator-for-rhi-and-contrail-persistence-criteria.t7196 Accessed 1 Nov. 2017.

    9. American Meteorological Society. “Mixing cloud—AMS Glossary.” Glossary.amet.soc.org, 11 Jul. 2016, http://glossary.ametsoc.org/wiki/Mixing_cloud. Accessed 1 Nov. 2017.

    10. Thomas, William. “Frequently Aired Criticisms.” Web.archive.org, https://web.archive.org/web/19990508091715/http://www.islandnet.com:80/~wilco/Chemtrailsfacs.htm. Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    11. West, Mick. “Pre 1995 Persistent Contrail Archive.” Metabunk, 23 Mar. 2012, https://www.metabunk.org/pre-1995-persistent-contrail-archive.t487 Accessed 31 Oct. 2017.

    12. West, Mick. “Debunking ‘Contrails don’t persist’ with 70 years of books on clouds.” YouTube, 28 Feb, 2014,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X72uACIN_00
    . Accessed 31 Oct. 2017.

    13. Wigington, Dane. “High Bypass Turbofan Jet Engines, Geoengineering, And The Contrail Lie.” Geoengineering Watch, 9 Sep. 2017, http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/the-contrail-lie Accessed 1 Nov. 2017.

    14. ibid.

    15. West, Mick. “Debunked: High Bypass Turbofans do not make Contrails [actually they make more].” Metabunk, 26 Feb. 2014, https://www.metabunk.org/debunked-h...-make-contrails-actually-they-make-more.t3187 Accessed 1 Nov. 2017.

    16. Marcianò, Rosario / Tanker Enemy. “The insider: Chemtrails KC-10 sprayer air to air— The proof.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bSSWnXQsgOU
    . Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.

    17. M., Tim. “The original ‘KC-10 spreading Chemtrails’ spoof video.” Mar 12 2011,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t22wy4c-A-A
    . Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.

    18. M., Tim. “KC-10 Still pics.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SGNyZ9PKtyI
    . Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.

    19. Geoengineering Watch. “Smoking Gun Proof Of Atmospheric Spraying.” Dec 2 2014, http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/smoking-gun-proof-of-atmospheric-spraying Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.

    20. Trans-Pecos WMA. “Seeding Report.” Wtwma.com, 24 Aug. 2017, http://wtwma.com/Daily Operations/TPWMA/08242017T.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug. 2017.

    21. Dick Van Dyke Show. “Cloud Seeding Mentioned on the Dick Van Dyke Show, 1965.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5VUaHvTiwkg
    . Accessed 27 Nov. 2017.

    22. U.S. Air Service. Reprinted in Monthly Weather Review, July 1921, http://contrailscience.com/files/mwr-049-07-0412c.pdf.

    23. Yenne, Bill. “Inside Boeing: Building the 777.” Page 76.

    24. Boeing. “Boeing 747-100 First Flight 2/2.”
    Source: https://youtu.be/xrDv4jX_MUs?t=58s
    . Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.

    25. West, Mick. “ ‘Chemtrail’ Aircraft Photos.” Contrail Science, 23 May 2007, http://contrailscience.com/contrail-or-Chemtrail Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.

    26. Legal Alliance to Stop Geoengineering. “Re: Notice of Intent to File Citizens’ Suits Pursuant to Federal Clean Water Act and Federal Safe Drinking Water Act.” Geoen.gineeringwatch.org, 25 Jul. 2016, http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/documents/LASG 60-Day Notice - web version.pdf. Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.

    27. USGS. “Geochemistry & Mineralogy of U.S. Soils.” https://mrdata.usgs.gov/soilgeochemistry/#/detail/element/13. Accessed 13 Feb. 2018.

    28. CDC. “Aluminum Toxicological Profile.” 16 Apr. 2013, https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp22-c1.pdf. Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.

    29. Ibid.

    30. “How to Test WATER for Aerosol Spraying Evidence.” Geoengineeringwatch.org, 31 Jul. 2013, http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/html/watertesting.html. Accessed 29 Nov. 2017.

    31. West, Mick. “Wigington/West Geoengineering Debate.” Metabunk, 14 Aug. 2013, https://www.metabunk.org/wigington-west-geoengineering-debate.t2211 Accessed 15 Feb. 2018.

    32. West, Mick. “Debunked: Shasta Snow and Water Aluminum Tests.” Metabunk, 18 Apr. 2011, https://www.metabunk.org/posts/616 Accessed 15 Feb. 2018.

    33. Geoengineering Watch. “Extensive List of PATENTS.” Aug 8, 2012, Geoengineering Watch, http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/an-extensive-list-of-patents Accessed 6 Dec. 2017.

    34. West, Mick. “Debunked: Patents. As Evidence of Chemtrails, Geoengineering, Exis.tence, Operability, or Intent.” Metabunk, 24 May 2014, https://www.metabunk.org/debunked-p...emtrails-geoengineering-existence-operability -or-intent.t3704 Accessed 15 Feb. 2018.

    35. “USPTO Museum Opens New Exhibit Showcasing American Ingenuity.” Uspto.gov, 11 Feb. 2002, https://www.uspto.gov/about-us/news...ens-new-exhibit-showcasing-american-ingenuity. Accessed 6 Dec. 2017.

    36. LII / Legal Information Institute. “Patent.” LII / Legal Information Institute, 6 Aug. 2007, https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/patent. Accessed 6 Dec. 2017.

    37. International Space Elevator Consortium, https://isec.org Accessed 18 Mar. 2018.

    38. Walker, Jay. “Our System Is So Broken, Almost No Patented Discoveries Ever Get Used.” WIRED, 5 Jan. 2015, https://www.wired.com/2015/01/fixing-broken-patent-system Accessed 6 Dec. 2017.

    39. Wang, J., et al. “Performance of operational radiosonde humidity sensors.” Radiometrics.com, 23 Aug 2003, http://radiometrics.com/data/uploads/2012/11/Refsonde-GRL.pdf. Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    40. West, Mick. “Relative Humidity at Flight Altitudes. Resources and Contrail prediction.” Metabunk, 22 Oct. 2016, https://www.metabunk.org/relative-h...tudes-resources-and-contrail-prediction.t8084 Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    41. Agorist, Matt. “No Longer Conspiracy: CIA Admits Plans Of Aerosol Spraying For Geoengineering.” MintPress News, 7 Jul. 2016, http://www.mintpressnews.com/no-lon...-plans-aerosol-spraying-geoengineering/218179 Accessed 16 Jan. 2018.

    42. Brennan, John O. “Director Brennan Speaks at the Council on Foreign Relations— Central Intelligence Agency.” Cia.gov, 19 Jan. 2017, https://www.cia.gov/news-informatio...eaks-at-the-council-on-foreign-relations.html. Accessed 16 Jan. 2018.



    Chapter 8: Stephanie — A Former Chemtrailer

    1. Wittschier, Stephanie. “Die lockere Schraube.” Dielockereschraube.de, 4 Nov. 2017, http://www.dielockereschraube.de Accessed 9 Dec. 2017.

    2. “Brigitta Zuber—Chemtrails und HAARP.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fY82EBzPGEs
    . Accessed 9 Dec. 2017.



    Chapter 9: 9/11 Controlled Demolitions

    1. Sure, Fran. “Psychology Experts Speak Out: Why is the 9/11 Evidence Difficult for Some to Accept?” http://www1.ae911truth.org/home/645...1-evidence-difficult-for-some-to-accept-.html. Accessed 15 Nov. 2017.

    2. Facebook comment. Nov 17 2017, https://goo.gl/iKogPW.

    3. “AE911Truth—Architects & Engineers Investigating the destruction of all three World Trade Center skyscrapers on September 11.” http://www.ae911truth.org Accessed 15 Nov. 2017.

    4. Gage, Richard. “Why are Architects and Engineers Re-examining the WTC Col.lapses?” AE911Truth.org, https://web.archive.org/web/20070817205947/http://www.ae911truth.org:80/info/4. Accessed 19 Nov. 2017.

    5. Hoffman, Jim. “Hypothetical Blasting Scenario.” 911research.wtc7.net, 14 Feb. 2010, http://911research.wtc7.net/essays/thermite/blasting_scenario.html. Accessed 25 Jan. 2018.

    6. http://www.ae911truth.org/signatures/ae.html.

    7. West, Mick. “Debunked: AE911Truth’s Analysis of Slag Residue from WTC Debris.” Metabunk, 27 Jan. 2018, https://www.metabunk.org/debunked-ae911truths-analysis-of-slag-residue-from-wtc-debris.t9468 Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    8. West, Mick. “Debunked: The WTC 9/11 Angle Cut Column. [Not Thermite, Cut Later].” Metabunk, 27 Jan. 2018, https://www.metabunk.org/debunked-the-wtc-9-11-angle-cut-column-not-thermite-cut-later.t9469 Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    9. Chandler, David. “Why I Am Convinced 9/11 Was an Inside Job.” Apr. 20 2014, http://www1.ae911truth.org/en/news-section/41-articles/874-. Accessed 16 Feb. 2018.

    10. West, Mick. “Molten Steel in the Debris Pile, Cool Down Time?” Metabunk, 18 Nov. 2017, https://www.metabunk.org/molten-steel-in-the-debris-pile-cool-down-time.t9255 Accessed 16 Feb. 2018.

    11. Rivera, Michael. “The World Trade Center Demolition: An Analysis.” Before Jun 22 2003, https://web.archive.org/web/20030622150344/http://whatreallyhappened.com:80/shake2.html. Accessed 16 Feb. 2018.

    12. Rivera, Michael. “Ron Brown: Evidence Of A Cover up | WHAT REALLY HAP.PENED.” Whatreallyhappened.com, http://www.whatreallyhappened.com/RANCHO/CRASH/BROWN/brown.php. Accessed 16 Feb. 2018.

    13. Mythbusters. “Episode 113—End With a Bang.” Nov 12 2008.

    14. Lee, R. J. Correspondence with Ron Wieck, Nmsr.org, Feb 2012, http://www.nmsr.org/nmsr911.htm. Accessed 16 Feb. 2018.

    15. West, Mick. “Making Iron Microspheres—Grinding, Impacts, Welding, Burning.” Metabunk, 2 Feb. 2018, https://www.metabunk.org/making-iron-microspheres-grinding-impacts-welding-burning.t9533 Accessed 18 Mar. 2018.

    16. West, Mick. “Investigating ‘Active Thermitic Material Discovered in Dust from the 9/11 WTC Catastrophe.’ ” Metabunk, 2 Feb. 2018, https://www.metabunk.org/investigat...material-discovered-in-dust-from-the-9-11-wtc -catastrophe.t9485 Accessed 16 Feb. 2018.

    17. “World Trade Center Building 7 Demolished on 9/11? | AE911Truth.” http://www1.ae911truth.org Accessed 23 Jan. 2018.

    18. “Dutch tv show Zembla investigates 911 theories—2006 (English subs)—Video Dailymotion.” Dailymotion, 16 Apr. 2016,
    Source: http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x44yy1c
    . Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    19. “Danny Jowenko’s old interview about the Twin Towers wtc1 & wtc2.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k3wwdI0XawI&t=151s
    . Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    20. Newspolls.org. “Question/VAR 28.” https://web.archive.org/web/20060806155035/http://www.newspolls.org/question.php?question_id=717. Accessed 22 Jan. 2018.
    21.
    Mckee, Craig. “Stand with us: add your name to the ‘No 757 hit the Pentagon on 9/11’ list!” Truth and Shadows, 11 Dec. 2017, https://truthandshadows.wordpress.com/2017/12/11/the-no-757-hit-the-pentagon-list Accessed 23 Jan. 2018.

    22. “Meet the AE911Truth Board of Directors.” Architects and Engineers for 9/11 Truth, http://www1.ae911truth.org/home/678-meet-the-ae911truth-board-of-directors.html. Accessed 23 Jan. 2018.

    23. Jenkins, Ken. “The Pentagon Plane Puzzle (preview—ver 3).” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YsadQzNhT-Q&feature=youtu.be
    . Accessed 14 Feb. 2018.

    24. Mick West, et al. “Does this photo show a too-small hole in the Pentagon? [No].” Metabunk, 5 Jan. 2017, https://www.metabunk.org/does-this-photo-show-a-too-small-hole-in-the-pentagon-no.t8302 Accessed 23 Jan. 2018.

    25. Ibid.

    26. “Inexperienced Pilot Recreating 9/11 Flight 77’s Descending Turn into the Penta.gon.” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UaOLpeTC7hY&lc=Ugw3Mvs1K4cI05CiwaR4AaABAg
    . Accessed 23 Jan. 2018.

    27. Mlakar, Paul E., et al. The Pentagon Building Performance Report. Ascelibrary.org, https://ascelibrary.org/doi/book/10.1061/9780784406380. Accessed 23 Jan. 2018.

    28. Ashley, Victoria, et al. “The Pentagon Event.” Scholars for 9/11 Truth, 2 May 2016, http://www.scientificmethod911.org/docs/Honegger_Hypothesis_042916.pdf. Accessed 15 Feb. 2018.

    ADDED: http://911speakout.org/wayne-coste/ (More debunking of the Pentagon Missile Hypothesis)

    29. Griffin, David Ray. The New Pearl Harbor Revisited. 2008, Olive Branch Press. Page 104.

    30. DoD. “Transforming Department of Defense Financial Management.” defense.gov, 10 Jul. 2001, http://archive.defense.gov/news/Jul2001/d20010710finmngt.pdf. Accessed 23 Jan. 2018.

    31. RT. “Black Budget: US govt clueless about missing Pentagon $trillions.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j4dzECaBxFU
    . Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    32. RT. “$21 trillion of unauthorized spending by US govt discovered by economics pro.fessor.” RT International, 16 Dec. 2017, https://www.rt.com/usa/413411-trillions-dollars-missing-research Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    33. NIST. “Final Reports from the NIST World Trade Center Disaster Investigation.” 27 Jun. 2012, https://www.nist.gov/engineering-la...ist-world-trade-center-disaster-investigation. Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    34. Mcallister, Terese P., et al. “Structural Fire Response and Probable Collapse Sequence of World Trade Center Building 7, Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST NCSTAR 1-9) VOLUMES 1 and 2.” NIST, 20 Nov 2008, http://ws680.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=861611 Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    35. NIST. “FAQs—NIST WTC Towers Investigation.” NIST, 21 Sept. 2016, https://www.nist.gov/el/faqs-nist-wtc-towers-investigation. Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    36.
    NIST. “FAQs—NIST WTC 7 Investigation.” NIST, 21 Sept. 2016, https://www.nist.gov/el/faqs-nist-wtc-7-investigation. Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    37. “Vérinage Compilation—Explosiveless Demolition.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYuBdR3CvY4
    . Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    38. “Sounds of Demolition.” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vMpJQgbKsms
    . Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    39. “9/11: WTC 7 Collapse (NIST FOIA, CBS video).”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nqbUkThGlCo
    . Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    40. “New Detail Surface After Two Major Rock Slides At Yosemite.”
    Source: https://youtu.be/T-l5flDozts?t=19s
    Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    41. purgatoryironworks. “For the undying 9/11 MORONIC JET FUEL ARGUMENT.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FzF1KySHmUA
    . Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    42. National Geographic, “Evidence that steel can be weakened by a jet fuel fire.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N2TMVDYpp2Q&t=270s
    . Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    43. Ibid.

    44. “World Trade Center—Role of floor loss and buckling.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VGhTTUBuMYo
    . Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    45. West, Mick. “Static Force vs. Dynamic force.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wZCFo3Lcbx8
    . Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.



    Chapter 10: Karl — Temporary Truther

    1. Current, Edward, “Building 7 Explained: The Tube That Crumpled.” 2011, Updated 2017.
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4LUDXpMhkNk
    . Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    2. Kruger, J.; & Dunning, D. “Unskilled and unaware of it: how difficulties in recognizing one’s own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments.—PubMed—NCBI.” Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10626367. Accessed 18 Mar. 2018.



    Chapter 11: False Flags

    1. DoD memo. “Justification for US Military Intervention in Cuba.” 13 Mar. 1962, Page 5, http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/news/20010430/index.html. Accessed 3 Aug. 2017.

    2. Bamford, James. Body of Secrets: Anatony of the Ultra Secret National Security Agency. New York: Anchor Books, 2001.

    3. YouTube. “Jesse Ventura and Judge Napolitano: Operation Northwoods, 9/11, and Wikileaks.” 6 Apr. 2011,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8sG9TaziF_Q
    . 1m48s. Accessed 3 Aug. 2017.

    4. YouTube. “Operation Northwoods Exposed (MUST-SEE VIDEO!!).” 10 Dec. 2008,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rp3P2wDKQK4
    . Accessed 3 Aug. 2017. (Video Clip Compilation of Ventura, Bamford and Jones on Operation Northwoods).

    5. “Operation Northwoods Documents.” Nsarchive.gwu.edu, 1962, http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/news/20010430/northwoods.pdf. Accessed 2 Aug. 2017.

    6. “Foreign Relations of the United States, 1961–1963, Volume X, Cuba, January 1961– September 1962—Office of the Historian.” 30 May 2017, https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1961-63v10/comp1. Accessed 4 Aug. 2017.

    7. “Lyndon B. Johnson: Radio and Television Report to the American People Following Renewed Aggression in the Gulf of Tonkin.” 4 Aug 1964, http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=26418&st=destroyer+Maddox&st1=. Accessed 4 Aug. 2017.

    8. “Newly Declassified National Security Agency History Questions Early Vietnam War Communications Intelligence.” Nsarchive2.gwu.edu, 22 Sept. 2017, http://nsarchive2.gwu.edu//NSAEBB/NSAEBB132/press20051201.htm. Accessed 9 Oct. 2017.

    9. Hanyok, Robert J. “Skunks, Bogies, Silent Hounds, and the Flying Fish: The Gulf of Tonkin Mystery, 2–4 August 1964.” Cryptologic Quarterly, 10 Aug. 2017, http://nsarchive2.gwu.edu//NSAEBB/NSAEBB132/relea00012.pdf. Accessed 9 Oct. 2017.

    10. “LBJ Tapes on the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.” Nsarchive2.gwu.edu, 22 Sept. 2017, http://nsarchive2.gwu.edu//NSAEBB/NSAEBB132/tapes.htm. Accessed 9 Oct. 2017.

    11. Operation Northwoods Documents, Page 7.

    12. Various. “Debunked: Sandy Hook: The Man in The Woods.” Metabunk, 19 Jan. 2013, https://www.metabunk.org/debunked-sandy-hook-the-man-in-the-woods.t1077 Accessed 6 Feb. 2018.

    13. Qiu, Linda. “No, There Was Not More Than One Gunman in the Las Vegas Shoot.ing.” Nytimes.com, 4 Oct. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/04/us/politics/fact-check-vegas-gunman.html. Accessed 6 Feb. 2018.

    14. Evon, Dan. “ ‘Multiple Shooters’ at Orlando Nightclub.” Snopes.com, 13 June 2016, https://www.snopes.com/multiple-shooters-orlando-cody-agnew Accessed 6 Feb. 2018.

    15. Howe, M. L. “The Neuroscience of Memory: Implications for the Courtroom.” PubMed Central (PMC), https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4183265 Accessed 6 Feb. 2018.

    16. Mendoza, Marilyn. “The Healing Power of Laughter in Death and Grief.” Psychology Today, https://www.psychologytoday.com/blo...the-healing-power-laughter-in-death-and-grief. Accessed 7 Apr. 2018.



    Chapter 12: Richard—Drawing the Line at Sandy Hook

    1. “Jet fuel can’t melt steel beams” is a common refrain of 9/11 Truthers. They don’t realize that it can weaken them enough so they bend and fail.

    2. purgatoryironworks. “For the undying 9/11 MORONIC JET FUEL ARGUMENT.” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FzF1KySHmUA
    . Accessed 15 Feb. 2018.



    Chapter 13: Flat Earth

    1. Garwood, Christine. Flat Earth: The History of an Infamous Idea (pp. 343–344). 2008, St. Martin’s Press. Kindle Edition.

    2. “The Flat Earth Society.” https://theflatearthsociety.org Accessed 8 Jan. 2018.

    3. “Eddie Bravo Flat Earth Debate with Earth Scientist.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cKuhulvuEsY
    . Accessed 10 Jan. 2018.

    4. Robotham, Samuel. Zetetic Astronomy: Earth Not a Globe! Google Books, https://books.google.com/books/about/Zetetic_astronomy_Earth_not_a_globe_an_e.html?id=oTUDAAAAQAAJ. Accessed 10 Jan. 2018.

    5. Dubay, Eric. The Flat Earth Conspiracy. 2014, p. 135. Lulu.com. Kindle Edition.

    6. By Pythagoras’s theorem: 4,000 miles is the base of a triangle from you to under the Sun. 3,000 miles is the height. So the distance from you to the Sun is the hypotenuse. 3^2 + 4^2 = 5^2, so it’s 5,000 miles away.

    7. West, Mick. “How to Verify that the Sun is a Distant Sphere, with Binoculars & Sun.spots.” Metabunk, 28 Apr. 2017, https://www.metabunk.org/how-to-ver...distant-sphere-with-binoculars-sunspots.t8646 Accessed 25 Jan. 2018.



    Chapter 15: Complications in Debunking

    1. Parker, Ryan. “Charlie Sheen on His Surprising New ‘9/11’ Movie and Those Truther Comments.” The Hollywood Reporter, 8 Sept. 2017, http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/charlie-sheen-9-11-movie-truther-comments-1036494. Accessed 11 Sept. 2017.

    2. “Feynman: Magnets FUN TO IMAGINE 4—YouTube.” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wMFPe-DwULM
    . Accessed 19 Feb. 2018.

    3. Gage, Richard. “For the undying 9/11 MORONIC STEEL = AIR ARGUMENT.”
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FvuKUmK9eB0
    . Accessed 7 Apr. 2018.

    4. Taylor, Jon. “MLM’s ABYSMAL NUMBERS.” Ftc.gov, 11 Jul. 2013, https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/public_comments/trade-regulation-rule-disclosure-requirements-and-prohibitions-concerning-business-opportunities-ftc.r511993-00008 /00008-57281.pdf. Accessed 6 Dec. 2017.

    5. Letaio, Mary. “Mysterious Skin Disease.” Medhelp.org, 21 Aug. 2002, https://www.medhelp.org/posts/Dermatology/Mysterious-Skin-Disease/show/241305. Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    6. Jines, Anda. “10 Tips for Helping a Loved One Cope with Illness Anxiety.” Hoover. associates, https://hoover.associates/archives/3761. Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    7. Van Noppen, Barbara. “Living With Someone Who Has OCD. Guidelines for Family Members.” International OCD Foundation, 25 May 2014, https://iocdf.org/expert-opinions/expert-opinion-family-guidelines Accessed 1 Feb. 2018.

    8. Sunstein, Cass; & Vermeule, Adrian. “Conspiracy Theories.” Chicagounbound .uchicago.edu, https://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi. Accessed 13 Feb. 2018.



    Chapter 16: The Future of Bunk and Debunking

    1. Collins, Ben; & Cox, Joseph. “Jenna Abrams, Russia’s Clown Troll Princess, Duped the Mainstream Media and the World.” The Daily Beast, 3 Nov. 2017, https://www.thedailybeast.com/jenna...cess-duped-the-mainstream-media-and-the-world. Accessed 12 Nov. 2017.

    2. Kalugin, Oleg (interview). “CNN—Cold War Experience: Espionage.” Web.archive .org, January 1998https://web.archive.org/web/20070206020316/http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/21/interviews/kalugin Accessed 12 Nov. 2017.

    3. RT International. “Americans continue to fight for 9/11 truth.” RT International, https://www.rt.com/usa/americans-fight-911 Accessed 13 Nov. 2017.

    4. Ventura, Jesse. RT International. “For some, the search for what happened on 9/11 isn’t over.” RT International, https://www.rt.com/usa/jesse-ventura-911-truth Accessed 13 Nov. 2017.

    5. Duff, Gordon. “America after Sandy Hook, Disarmed and Silenced.” Veterans Today, 27 Jan. 2013, https://www.veteranstoday.com/2013/01/27/america-after-sandy-hook-disarmed-and-silenced Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    6. Luna, Francisco. “Chemtrails y el Cambio Climático.” RT en Español, 8 Dec. 2009, https://actualidad.rt.com/opinion/iluminando_conciencias/view/4639-Chemtrails-y-Cambio-Climatico. Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    7. Gerrans, Sam. “YouTube and the art of investigation—RT Op-Edge.” RT Interna.tional, https://www.rt.com/op-edge/316642-youtube-art-investigation-research Accessed 13 Nov. 2017.

    8. RT International. “RT watched by 70mn viewers weekly, half of them daily—Ipsos survey—RT World News.” RT International, 10 Mar. 2016, https://www.rt.com/news/335123-rt-viewership-ipsos-study Accessed 3 Apr. 2018.

    9. Norton. “What Is A Botnet?” 2 Apr. 2018, https://us.norton.com:80/internetsecurity-malware-what-is-a-botnet.html. Accessed 3 Apr. 2018.

    10. Marciel, Miriam, et al. “Understanding the Detection of View Fraud in Video Con.tent Portals.” Arxiv.org, 7 Feb. 2016, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1507.08874.pdf. Accessed 3 Apr. 2018.

    11. Gross, Grant. “Senator: Russia used ‘thousands’ of internet trolls during U.S. election.” Computerworld, 30 Mar. 2017, https://www.computerworld.com/artic...ds-of-internet-trolls-during-us-election.html. Accessed 13 Nov. 2017.

    12. BBC Trending In-depth Stories On Social Media. “’Russian trolls’ promoted Califor.nia independence.” BBC News, http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-trending-41853131. Accessed 13 Nov. 2017.

    13. BBC News. “Russia posts ‘reached 126m Facebook users.’ ” BBC News, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-41812369. Accessed 13 Nov. 2017.

    14. Tufekci, Zeynep. “We’re building a dystopia just to make people click on ads | Zeynep Tufekci.” Youtube.com,
    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iFTWM7HV2UI
    &feature=share. Accessed 26 Nov. 2017.

    15. WIRED. “Google Is 2 Billion Lines of Code—And It’s All in One Place.” WIRED, 16 Sept. 2015, https://www.wired.com/2015/09/google-2-billion-lines-codeand-one-place Accessed 4 Apr. 2018.

    16. Cuban, Mark. Twitter, 28 Jan. 2018,
    Source: https://twitter.com/mcuban/status/957686987229618176
    . Accessed 7 Feb. 2018.

    17. Spangler, Todd. “Mark Zuckerberg: ‘Pretty Crazy Idea’ That Facebook Fake News Helped Donald Trump Win.” Variety, 11 Nov. 2016, http://variety.com/2016/digital/news/mark-zuckerberg-facebook-donald-trump-win-1201915811 Accessed 16 Nov. 2017.

    18. Zuckerberg, Mark. “I want to respond to President Trump’s tweet. . . .” Facebook .com, https://www.facebook.com/zuck/posts/10104067130714241?pnref=story. Sept 27, 2017, Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    19. Perlroth, Nicole; Frenkel, Sheera; & Shane, Scott. “Facebook Executive Planning to Leave Company Amid Disinformation Backlash.” Nytimes.com, 19 Mar. 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/19/technology/facebook-alex-stamos.html. Accessed 19 Mar. 2018.

    20. Frier, Sarah. “Facebook Stumbles With Early Effort to Stamp Out Fake News.” Bloomberg.com, 30 Oct. 2017, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/arti...bles-with-early-effort-to-stamp-out-fake-news. Accessed 16 Nov. 2017.

    21. Smith, Jeff. “Designing Against Misinformation—Facebook Design—Medium.” Medium, 20 Dec. 2017, https://medium.com/facebook-design/designing-against-misinformation-e5846b3aa1e2. Accessed 15 Mar. 2018.

    22. Google. “Fact Check now available in Google Search and News around the world.” Google, 7 Apr. 2017, https://www.blog.google/products/search/fact-check-now-available-google-search-and-news-around-world Accessed 7 Feb. 2018.

    23. Mckay, Tom. “Conservatives Are Now Getting Angry About Google’s Fact-Checking Module.” Gizmodo, 9 Jan. 2018, https://gizmodo.com/conservatives-are-now-getting-angry-about-googles-fact-1821934885. Accessed 7 Feb. 2018.

    24. Mckay, Tom. “Microsoft: Bing’s US Market Share Is Wildly Underestimated.” Giz.modo, 19 Aug. 2017, https://gizmodo.com/microsoft-bings-us-market-share-is-wildly-underestimat-1798053061. Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    25. Intelligence and Autonomy. “About I&A.” Intelligence and Autonomy, 21 Jul. 2015, https://autonomy.datasociety.net/about Accessed 7 Feb. 2018.

    26. Santa Clara University. “The Trust Project—Markkula Center for Applied Ethics.” Scu.edu, https://www.scu.edu/ethics/focus-areas/journalism-ethics/programs/the-trust-project Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    27. Snow, Jackie. “Developers are using artificial intelligence to spot fake news.” Business Insider, 17 Dec. 2017, http://www.businessinsider.com/spotting-fake-news-with-ai-2017-12. Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    28. Edell, Aaron. “I trained fake news detection AI with >95% accuracy, and almost went crazy.” Towards Data Science, 11 Jan. 2018, https://towardsdatascience.com/i-tr...95-accuracy-and-almost-went-crazy-d10589aa57c. Accessed 18 Feb. 2018.

    29. Newton, Casey. “YouTube will add information from Wikipedia to videos about con.spiracies.” The Verge, 13 Mar. 2018, https://www.theverge.com/2018/3/13/...-cues-conspiracy-theories-susan-wojcicki-sxsw. Accessed 14 Mar. 2018.



    Conclusion

    1. “Democrats and Republicans differ on conspiracy theory beliefs.” Publicpolicypoll-ing.com, 9 Oct. 2017, https://www.publicpolicypolling.com...elease_National_ConspiracyTheories_040213.pdf. Accessed 7 Apr. 2018.
     
    Last edited: Sep 1, 2018
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